After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms.  The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the “backstop” agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense. The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the withdrawal agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the “backstop”) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019. On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government had planned to develop new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Northern Ireland Withdrawal Agreement.  The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable).  The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol.  Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”.  On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.”  The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following key areas: After may lost the third vote and approval of the Cooper-Letwin Act at third reading by 313-312 votes, May and her cabinet considered the possibility of bringing the withdrawal agreement back to Parliament for a fourth vote. In mid-May, May said she would present the withdrawal agreement to Parliament in the first week of June.  Due to massive opposition to the new agreement, May postponed publication from 24 May to 4 June and subsequently resigned as Prime Minister.  Dec 2019: MPs back Johnson`s Brexit Act by a 124-vote majority. At the end of November 2018, May presented to the House of Commons a draft agreement on a future agreement on future relations with Europe, after concluding 17 months of negotiations with the EU.  As a result, the first use of the judicious vote was scheduled for December 11, 2018.  Immediately afterwards, Opposition Leader Jeremy Corbyn called for a vote of no confidence against the government, which took place on 16 January 2019. The government won by 325 votes to 306, a majority of 19.  After years of political disagreement and drama, the British Parliament has adopted a comprehensive agreement to withdraw from the EU.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson wants to sever all ties with the bloc, writes Barbara Wesel of the DW. (20.12.2019) On 23 October, the House of Commons considered three technical provisions concerning the UK`s withdrawal from the EU. The legislative debate focused on the repeal of certain technical provisions enshrined in British law with regard to the EU. If these three acts were to be voted on, they would only come into force if the UK finally left the EU. The three points discussed related to changes to existing UK legislation to remove 1) THE EU`s free movement provisions  2) the UK`s regulatory oversight by third countries 3) regarding EU-codified financial services.  All three amendments were put to a divisive vote and all three passed the vote in the House of Commons